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100 Years Ago


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Black History Index Page

America, from its very beginning as an English colony, was known as the land of opportunity. For those individuals willing to roll-up their sleeves and work to earn the gifts America offered - freedom, equality, and opportunity - came a status and satisfaction that they had risen beyond the political oppression, religious persecution, poverty and social indignities suffered in their homelands. For most of those who came to America to grab the American dream, the basis for all that they achieved in their new land was rooted in the country’s greatest gift...freedom.

Tragically, America’s promise was dispensed unevenly. For those men, women and children brought to America from Africa against their will, the realities of life here sprang from the same elements others came to these shores to escape. America’s dream, for the black man and his family, was replaced by oppression, persecution, poverty and social indignities. And yet, his attachment to this new land, with a determination that he, too, should reap its rewards, was no less than other early immigrants who were proud to be called Americans.

The black legacy to this nation, given willingly, is a culture rich in style, substance and music, that has become an integral part of what America is today. From slaves to free men, poets to politicians, and great men to those who support and nurture family and community, all are now part of that mosaic society that is proud to be known as American.

The black experience in America spans almost 500 years stained with the blood, sweat and tears of those who only wanted for themselves, their families, and those who would follow them, simply that which was given to all other residents of this America...freedom.

LOCAL HISTORY
The Continent
Portuguese Investigate Africa
The Origins of Slavery
Capture/Conditioning of Slaves
Sea Voyage
Business of Slavery
Banning of Slave Imports
Rumley Man: Only Local Person Publicly Executed
Buddie Shang: Black Man Accused of MurderBlack Soldiers Distinguished Themselves

RANDOLPH SLAVES
John Randolph and His Slaves
Carthagena
Randolph Slaves Come to Ohio
Randolph Slave Reunions
Randolph Slaves

ORGANIZATIONS
Black Church
Mt. Vernon Baptist Church
Ku Klux Klan
National Assn. for Advancement of Colored People
Sidney Schools

IMPORTANT PLACES
Rossville
Rankin House
Rumley

1930s TO 1960s

WORLD WAR I

SLAVERY IN OHIO
Ohio as a 'Non-Slave' State
Shelby County's First Blacks
Missouri Compromise/1820
Anti-Slavery Efforts
Underground Railroad
Fugitive Slave Laws
Life as a Slave

CIVIL WAR
1861-1865
Black Shelby Countians Serve Their Country
End of the Civil War

IMPORTANT PEOPLE
Alfred Artis
John Brown
James Daniel
Frederick Douglass
Helen and Isaac Gilmore
Ida Haslup Goode
James P. Humphrey
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Buddie Shang
Harriett Beecher Stowe
Sojourner Truth

Harriet Tubman

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

LINKS

 

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