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100 Years Ago

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James Logan

James Logan was born, Tachnechdorus, circa 1725, into the Mingo tribe in Pennsylvania. His father, was an Iroquois leader, and his mother, a Cuyaga. Young Tachnechdorus grew up friendly with the whites, in keeping with his tribe’s traditional alliance. He was befriended by a Quaker named James Logan, who educated him and gave him his name, James Logan.

In 1770, he moved his family to Ohio where in 1774, his wife and children were all murdered by white settlers. His friendship with the English colonists was over and he joined Chief Cornstalk (Shawnee) in his fight against the British. A peace meeting was held near Chillicothe, Ohio, between the whites and Cornstalk. James Logan refused to attend, but he sent this message considered to be one of the finest examples of Native American writing. It was read at the meeting and printed widely in the colonial media. It is printed in its entirety at right.

Colonel Cresap was found innocent of the murders and Logan continued his attacks on settlements across the frontier. He died in 1780, a bitter man who’s life had been so tragically changed, at the hands of another Indian (possibly his nephew), near Detroit. 


'Indian' segment written in December, 1997 by David Lodge


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James Logan

"I appeal to any white man to say if he ever entered Logan’s cabin hungry and he gave him not meat; if he ever came cold and naked he clothed him not. During the course of the last long and bloody war, Logan remained idle in his cabin, an advocate for peace. Such was my love for the whites that my countrymen pointed as I passed and said, "Logan is a friend of the white man." I had even thought to have lived with you but for the injuries of one man, Colonel Cresap, the late spring, in cold blood and unprovoked, murdered all the relatives of Logan, not even sparing his wives and children. There runs not a drop of my blood in the veins of any living creature. This calls on me for revenge, I have sought it; I have killed many; I have grown glutted in my vengeance. For my country I rejoice at the beams of peace; but do not harbor any thought that mine is the joy of fear. Logan never felt fear. He will not turn his heel to save his life. Who is there to mourn for Logan? Not one."
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