Within a few years, fighting broke out again with the
start of the American Revolutionary War. The Ohio Valley Indians wishing to have no part
in it; claimed it was a white mans war. Unfortunately, they were soon drawn into the
fray in a violent struggle to hold on to their ancestral lands against the Virginia
militiamen who crossed the Ohio River to attack Shawnee villages in an attempt to control
the Ohio Valley. The principle Shawnee villages in our area were Tecumsehs town Old Piqua, near modern day Springfield; Blue Jackets town located close to Bellefontaine, Chief Blackhoofs village at St. Johns east of Wapakoneta, the Shawnee villages of upper Piqua and
To resist this new encroachment, the tribal chiefs declared war on the Americans and
joined together in raids against whites in Kentucky, and laid siege to Boonesborough,
Kentucky, a log cabin town founded by Daniel Boone. Boone (pictured at top right)
was later captured by the Shawnee and promptly adopted by Black Fish. It is unclear
whether Black Fish was aware that the Shawnee on an earlier occasion had killed
Boones eldest son, James, during a hunting expedition in 1773. His son, Israel, was
also killed by Indians.
After three months in captivity, Boones escape back to Boonesborough was followed
by another siege of the town by Black Fish attempting to retrieve his adopted son. During
the war, the British kept the Shawnee and other tribes fully supplied with arms and
ammunition. The commander at Fort Detroit, Henry Hamilton, paid a bounty for white scalps.
My son, you are now flesh of our flesh and bone of our
bone. By the ceremony performed this day, every drop of your white blood was washed from
your veins; you were taken into the Shawnee nation...you were adopted into a great family."
Black Fish, Shawnee,
recalling 1778 adoption of Daniel Boone into tribe
'Indian' segment written in December, 1997 by David Lodge
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